In a previous post, it was explained how you can make a simple frequency table in R. Such a frequency table tells you for a single categorical variable how often each level (variant) of the categorical variable occurs in your dataset.

A contingency table does the same thing, but for two categorical variables at the same time, and in “comparison” to each other. Basically, what happens is that each level of the first categorical variable is considered with respect to each level of the second categorical variable.